Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926) is one of the most popular architects throughout history. The revolution he represented in terms of architecture and plastic arts laid the foundations for contemporary art and the art of tomorrow. Gaudí was born in Catalonia on 25 June 1852, and took to architecture at a young age. His poor health often prevented him from attending classes, forcing him to spend extended stays in the country, immersed in the light of the Mediterranean and surrounded by natural forms, which he would always consider his greatest teacher.
He soon developed a distinctive individual style, composing his works with combination of geometric masses and animating the surfaces with patterned brick or stone, bright ceramic tiles and floral or reptilian metalwork. The salamander in Park Güell is an obvious example of Gaudí’s work.
Gaudí’s most important work is the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia, to which he dedicated forty-three years of his life. After 1910, Gaudí abandoned nearly all other projects to focus on the construction of Sagrada Familia, which he had begun in 1883, retreating to live in the workshop. While employing Gaudí’s equilibrated methods, the church would borrow from the cathedral-Gothic and Art Nouveau styles but present them in a form beyond recognition.


Gaudí died while still working on the Sagrada Familia on June 10, 1926, after getting hit by a trolley car in Barcelona. Today, the building remains unfinished, with completion planned for 2026, to mark the 100th anniversary of Gaudi’s death.
The Sagrada Familia is currently one of the most visited monuments in Spain and seven of its features have been deemed a part of World Heritage by Unesco.